New Mexico's Chaco Canyon: A Place Of Kings And Palaces?

first_imgShare Share via TwitterShare via FacebookShare via LinkedInShare via E-mail Kings living in palaces may have ruled New Mexico’s Chaco Canyon a thousand years ago, causing Pueblo people to reject the brawny, top-down politics in the centuries that followed, according to a University of Colorado at Boulder archaeologist. University of Colorado Museum anthropology Curator Steve Lekson, who has studied Chaco Canyon for several decades, said one argument for royalty comes from the rich, crypt-style burials of two men discovered deep in a Chaco Canyon “great house” known as Pueblo Bonito several decades ago. They were interred about A.D. 1050 with a wealth of burial goods in Pueblo Bonito, a 600-room, four-story structure that was considered to be the center of the Chaco world, he said. Archaeologists have long been in awe of the manpower required to build Chaco’s elaborate structures and road systems, which required laborious masonry work, extended excavation and the transport of staggering amounts of lumber from forests 50 miles distant, he said. The scale of the architecture and backbreaking work undertaken for several centuries suggests a powerful centralized authority, said Lekson, curator of anthropology at the University of Colorado Museum. “I don’t think Chaco was a big happy barn-raising,” said Lekson, chief editor of “The Archaeology of Chaco Canyon: An Eleventh Century Pueblo Regional Center,” published in April 2006 by the School of American Research Press in Santa Fe, N.M. “Things were probably quite a bit grimmer than some have imagined.” “Kingship” developed in Mesoamerica about 2,000 years before Chaco, Lekson said, and kings quickly became a constant on the political landscape. “It’s not remarkable that there were small-scale kings and states at Chaco in A.D. 1100,” he said. “What is remarkable is that it took the Southwest so long to get around to it.” Located in northern New Mexico, Chaco Canyon was the hub of the Pueblo culture from about A.D. 850 to 1150 and is believed to have held political sway over an area twice the size of present-day Ohio. A center of ceremony and trade, the canyon is marked by 11 great houses oriented in solar, lunar and cardinal directions with roads that appear to have connected Chaco to outlying Pueblo communities. Researchers have long pondered how Chaco rulers wielded control over outlying Pueblo communities in present day Utah, Arizona and Colorado, he said. Such “outliers,” located up to 150 miles away, would have required that visitors from Chaco walk up to eight days straight in order to reach them, said Lekson, who is also a CU-Boulder anthropology professor. The answer may lie in the clarity of the Southwestern skies, the open landscape and the broad vistas that created an efficient “line-of-site” system, he said. “Chaco people could see Farview House at Mesa Verde, for example, and Farview could see Chaco,” he said. “I think similar linkages will be found between Chaco and the most distant outliers in all directions in the coming years.”‘ The roads, some as wide as four-lane highways, may have been used for ceremonial pilgrimages by priests and their followers, Lekson said. “They also could have been used by troops, tax collectors and inquisitors,” he said. Funded by the National Park Service and CU-Boulder, the new book is a collaboration of more than 30 years of fieldwork by hundreds of researchers and students, many of whom participated in a massive NPS Chaco excavation from 1971 to 1982. Scores of academics met around the Southwest during the past several years, discussing the most recent research and latest theories regarding Chaco for the book. The Archaeology of Chaco Canyon explores the natural environment and architecture, as well as Chaco’s economy, politics, history and regional influences. The authors also look at outside cultural influences from all directions, including ties to Mesoamerica, said Lekson. Twenty authors contributed to the book, including Lekson, CU Museum Director Linda Cordell, CU-Boulder anthropology doctoral student Derek Hamilton and Richard Wilshusen, who received his doctorate from CU-Boulder. Lekson estimates that 95 percent of the Chaco people lived in small pueblos, while an elite 5 percent lived in the great houses. Pueblo Bonito and the other Chaco great houses were “tall, empty monuments” that could have been used for a variety of activities, from ceremonies and storage to inns and even slave cells, he said. The culture’s architecture and settlement patterns changed dramatically in the region about 1300, when sites begin to look more like modern Pueblos. “Chaco has been characterized in oral histories as a wonderful, awful place where people got power over other people,” Lekson said. “Later Pueblo cultures in the region did not develop from Chaco, but rather represent a reaction against it, with people distancing themselves from a bad experience.” Published: June 4, 2006 last_img read more

Jimmy Fallon’s Neil Young Impersonation Strikes Again With The Help of Crosby, Stills & Nash

first_img[Via US Magazine] -Taylor Rae Almonte (@tayloralmonte) Monday’s Tonight Show featured Jimmy Fallon‘s Neil Young impersonation, best known for taking popular songs like “Party in the U.S.A” and “Whip My Hair,” and transforming them into Young’s signature folk style. This time, he took on Iggy Azelea‘s “Fancy” with the help of Crosby, Stills & Nash. Fallon donned Young’s signature brown, suede jacket and once again took on the musician’s persona. He truly gave Iggy Azelea a run for her money with smooth vocals and a seriously skillful harmonica solo. What made this impersonation stand apart from others was the moment when David Crosby, Stephen Stills, and Graham Nash took to the stage, soulfully harmonizing the lyrics “Trash the hotel/ lets get drunk on the mini bar.” The performance came to a close as the lyrics “Who that who that I-G-G-Y” were swapped for “Who that who that C-S-N-Y” (Crosby, Stills, Nash, Young). last_img read more

Robert Lee Todd

first_img A gathering of Mr. Todd’s family and friends was held  Thursday, February 27, 2020, at Broussard’s, 505 North 12th Street, Nederland.A family committal followed at Oak Bluff Memorial Park, Port Neches.Memorial contributions may be made to Golden Triangle Church on The Rock, 6355 U.S. 69 Access Road, Beaumont, Texas 77705. Robert Lee Todd, 94, of Nederland, died Monday, February 24, 2020, at The Medical Center of Southeast Texas, Port Arthur.He was born June 7, 1925, in Grandview, Texas to Mary “Mollie” Couch Todd and John Lee Todd.Robert was an active member of Golden Triangle Church on the Rock, Beaumont.He retired as a Machinist from B.F. Goodrich in 1988 after thirty-seven years of service. In his younger years he was car enthusiast and a DYI mechanic.In his older years he enjoyed traveling.Survivors include his wife, Audrey Todd, of Nederland; sons, Robert Todd, Jr. and wife, Sharon, of Lumberton; Donald Todd and wife, Ruth Ellen, of Travelers Rest, South Carolina; and Ronald Todd and wife, Sandra, of Katy; grandchildren, Carrie Russell; Caitlin Todd; Heidi DeHart; Patrick Todd; Andrew Todd; and Molly Crespo; and eight great-grandchildren.He is preceded in death by his parents, Mary “Mollie” and John Todd; and siblings, Una Mae Stegall; William Todd; Aline Meek; and James Todd.last_img read more

Proud moment for Malagian

first_imgSoccer Nigel Malagian’s goal in the grand final on Saturday may be his last for his adopted club but for him he has achieved something worthy in life than just playing football for the club – a chance to complete his education. Nigel spent two years with Tusbab Blue Kumuls doing grade 11 and this week, he is doing his final grade 12 exams, another proud moment for the club and his family. When he graduates this Sunday, he will be part of the history for Tusbab Blue Kumuls players who have gone through this program – of giving a second chance to soccer athlete to get an education at the same time train and play soccer. Like many young soccer talents, Nigel left school to pursue his soccer interest and could not continue on with his education. Fortunately for him, Tusbab Secondary School has given him a new lease of life – complete his education through an arrangement with Tusbab Blue Kumuls Coach Rachel Wadunah said Tusbab Blue Kumuls had an arrangement with Tusbab Secondary School for soccer athletes to pursue their education while playing their trade in soccer but the player will have to play for the school team – the Tusbab Blue Kumuls. The program was developed by the club’s coach Wadunah, who is also a teacher at the school and supported by the school principal, Alphonse Igag. Nigel’s move to Tusbab Blue Kumuls in 2016 left many Nabasa fans furious. Many criticised him, even just before the grand final match calling him a traitor It was thirty seconds before the final whistle of extra time of the men’s A League grand final when Malagian headed home the winner to send the Laiwaden fans into a frenzy. Coach Wadunah praised Nigel for his leadership in securing the win for the club this season. He was known to Madang Soccer Association as the ‘head butt’ specialist, building a reputation for himself as a specialist header who can unravel his taller opponents to win the ball in play. Nigel has created history for himself and the club. He scored 35 goals for the club this season and five of those goals were a traitor headers.last_img read more

SCSU Basketball Teams Fall at UMD

first_img About Connatix V56892 The St. Cloud State basketball teams will play at Minnesota-Crookston Friday night;  women’s game at 5:30, men’s game at 7:30.  Coverage on AM 1390-Granite City Sports begins at 5:00 p.m. 720p HD Visit Advertiser website GO TO PAGE Skip Auto (360p) 1080p HDcenter_img About Connatix V56892 360p The St. Cloud State men’s and women’s basketball teams both lost at Minnesota-Duluth Sunday.  The SCSU women fell 59-54 despite leading for much of this game.  The SCSU men fell 75-60.The SCSU women were led in scoring by Tori Wortz with 18 points and Katrina Theis added 12 points.  The Huskies are 6-4 overall and 3-3 in the NSIC.The SCSU men were led in scoring by Gage Davis with 22 points with both Brindley Theisen and Sean Smith contributing 13 points apiece.  The Huskies are 9-3 overall and 4-2 in the NSIC. 1/1last_img read more

Wrangler teaches reptile safety

first_imgBut she’d rather not do that, she said. “They have just as much right being out here as we do,” she said. “We talk about how terrible they are, but they do a service to nature. I don’t know how much of a service we do.” In his speech to a few dozen visitors to the nature center Saturday, Heermann explained that snakes usually live out their lives within 50 yards of their birth place. Female rattlers give birth to 15-35 offspring, so if one rattler is found in a backyard there will usually be more nearby, Heermann said. A backyard swimming pool can attract a rattler because the snakes seek water, and they are good swimmers. Heermann cautioned that everyone should be on the lookout for rattlers and keep a safe distance from them. A rattlesnake will never chase after someone, he said. Heermann used two rattlesnakes in his demonstration. One was a fat, gentle snake that was used to being handled and is fed only dead animals. The other one, a more recent acquisition for Heermann, rattled violently and coiled up, ready to strike. “I guess rattlesnakes are like some people,” Heermann said. “Some of them are not so nice.” [email protected] (661) 257-5253 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! NEWHALL – With a rattlesnake curling toward him at the end of a hand-held pole, Hugo Heermann held the deadly creature’s tail and explained its behavior to a crowd of onlookers. The poisonous snake was just trying to get a good whiff of his hand, Heermann told visitors to the New Leash on Life Animal Rescue on Saturday. “He’s not being aggressive at all; he’s just trying to see what his surroundings are,” said Heermann, a veteran snake handler who has never been bitten by a rattler. Making his case that they, too, can avoid getting bitten – even in a place full of rattlesnakes like the Santa Clarita Valley – Heermann encouraged listeners to avoid panicking around any rattlesnakes they might encounter. He let a couple of volunteers use the pole to pick up rattlesnakes from the tile floor of the rescue center. Heermann also talked about the snake rescues he performs, picking up the reptiles from backyards and releasing them back into the wild. Santa Clarita residents can expect rattlesnakes to be slithering all over the place in the coming months as drought-like conditions force the reptiles to venture farther for water, Heermann said. Santa Clarita resident Carol Riggins, a dog trainer, said she has already killed five rattlesnakes so far this year. Riggins said she creeps up on rattlers with a shovel and chops off their heads. last_img read more

Alec Baldwin Will Play the Jack Nicholson Role in a Live Version of “A Few Good Men”

first_imgAnd that’s what Alec’s going to do, according to writer Aaron Sorkin.  He says, quote, “This will be a brand new take on Nathan Jessep, and I expect that Alec is going to bust through TV screens and right into living rooms.” That was JACK NICHOLSON’s part in the 1992 movie version, which means Alec gets THE line of the show:  “You can’t handle the truth!” The thing is, Nicholson is one of those guys who’s impossible to follow.  And if you find yourself in that position, you just have to totally reinvent the character, like HEATH LEDGER did with the Joker.center_img NBC is doing a live version of “A Few Good Men” in the spring of 2018, and they just announced that ALEC BALDWIN will play Colonel Nathan Jessep.last_img read more

6 days agoKlinsmann lined up for shock Ecuador move

first_imgKlinsmann lined up for shock Ecuador moveby Paul Vegas6 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Tottenham star Jurgen Klinsmann is being lined up for a shock return to management with Ecuador.Klinsmann has been out of the game for a year since leaving his role with the US men’s national team.The Sun says there is growing speculation in South America that the 55-year-old is on the verge of taking charge of Ecuador instead.The country is looking for a new manager have Hernan Dario Gomez was sacked in July on the back of a disappointing Copa America.Ecuador failed to make it out of the group stages, and under the temporary control of under-20 boss Jorge Celico they have struggled to make any improvement. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Vine: UNC Student Drills The Half-Court Shot On College GameDay

first_imgNorth Carolina student drills half-court shot.Vine/@StephLaurenThe half-court shot on the basketball version of ESPN’s College GameDay is often the highlight of the program, and that is definitely a fact for one lucky North Carolina student today. UNC junior Forrest Reynolds, who also serves as a student manager with the basketball program, took two very strong attempts before absolutely drilling his third shot, netting him $18,000.Kid just made the half court shot on College Gameday at UNC https://t.co/MqGH2psO6i— Stephanie Haberman (@StephLauren) March 7, 2015A win over hated rival Duke today would definitely be the icing on the cake for Reynolds, although he’d probably admit that he’s made out pretty well no matter what happens tonight.last_img read more